Building Your Own Web Page

Although not a comprehensive guide, the following tips may help you in building a website for your Scouting unit:

CONSIDERATIONS

  • First Things First – Planning
  • Decide what kinds of information you want to publish
  • Who will develop content and who will do the web publishing
  • Where will you host your website
  • How will you let your target audience know about your web page
  • When will you update your content
  • Who will own the web site name

Setting Up A Website

  • Hosting: Make arrangements with an Internet Service Provider to host your website.
  • Uploading: Look for a host that will allow you to upload files via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) instead of a proprietary web based device that forces you to load one file at a time.
  • Server Space: Make sure that the host offers enough free space for what you want to put on the web. Shoot for 5 megabytes or higher to start.
  • Contract: Review the hosting arrangement to make sure you do not have to include content from the host that might be inconsistent with the aims and objectives of Scouting; e.g., you do not want to have a banner add that changes to advertisements for alcoholic beverages or promotion of a site with adult content.

Free and Low-cost Hosting for Scouting:

  • Low cost hosting: 1and1.com
  • Free Hosting General: You can visit The NetCommish or WEBnME Free Hosting Links where there are lists of ISPs that provide free website hosting. In addition you may want to consult the agreement you entered into with your ISP to get access to the Internet. Many providers offer a limited amount of fee web space.
  • Inexpensive Hosting: Look for Scouters on the web who offer hosting at below market rates.
  • Local Resources: Check with local Scouters in your area to see whether a local ISP offers free hosting. In some areas ISPs even compete to offer free hosting to non-profit organizations.

Plan a template for each of your web pages that includes:

  • Title Tags – make sure that each page is identified with a title that describes the page. This is what search engine robots will use to index your website. Include key words related to the page including the word “Scout” and the name of your organization. The name of your city and state may also be helpful. Remember that when someone bookmarks your page the information in this tag will become the bookmark’s name. Titles like “home page” are not very helpful. Instead try something like “Indian Nations Council”
  • Identify Your Site: Use A Masthead or something that identifies your website on each page. You want visitors to know when they are on your website and when they have reached someone else’s website.
  • Make It Easy to Navigate Navigation links – Always make sure you have links on each page that lead visitors back to your home page or any key web pages on your site.

At this point you may want to sit down and draw a diagram of how you want your website organized. Usually it is best to have a simple home page that only gives the most important information in very brief form to a visitor and links to the rest of your website. Most successful websites have a hierarchy of pages. The top level is the home page. The next level of pages are tables of contents arranged by subject area. Finally the bulk of pages are at the third level where most of your information is presented. Be careful not to have too many levels. Most users will not go beyond four levels.

Example:

Home Page

  • About our Troop
  • Meetings
  • Leaders
  • Getting Ready for Camp Checklist
  • How to Join

Calendar of Events

What’s New

  • Activities
  • Campout
  • Summer Camp
  • Hike
  • Scouting for Food

If you use an image map for your navigation, make sure to also include text links. Otherwise, some people may not be able to get beyond your front door because their browser doesn’t support image map links. Redundant navigation isn’t bad.

  • Content Area: The middle of your page is where you are going to place your content and perhaps links.
  • Footer information: At the bottom of each page include information about copyrights, if you have any and contact information. Each page should provide a method of contacting the web page owner to make suggestions or alert you to problems. Generally including an hyperlink to an e-mail address is sufficient. If you can include a link to a suggestion form that is better.

Privacy: Address privacy and youth protection issues

  • Don’t provide full names, phone numbers, e-mail or residence addresses of youth members, or place a child’s name with his photograph.
  • Don’t provide times and locations at which children will be present without adequate adult supervision.
  • Don’t include interactive forums (any technology that allows someone to post material that others may view), including bulletin boards and chat rooms (even if they are moderated), in a Web site designed for minors.
  • Contact information should lead to an adult, avoid e-mail links to a youth member
  • Do not include personal information about anyone without the individual’s permission (parents permission for a youth member)
  • Some providers can set up password protected folders to limit who can see an area

Commercialism: You may want to avoid links to commercial websites to avoid giving the appearance of a Scouting endorsement of a particular commercial product

Link Restrictions: You may want to restrict links to only local Scouting units, your District, and your Council

Writing the HTML

  • Look at How Others Do It: It’s a good idea to look at other pages and view the HTML source to find out how a certain effect can be achieved.
  • Backgrounds: Keep your background light and simple – a busy background will make it difficult to read your content. Also make sure that your text has good contrast values with your background. For example, light purple on bright yellow is hard too read and may make your visitor look for an air sickness bag.
  • Keep It Simple: Don’t overdo the bells and whistles – if you use java applets, javascripts, heavy graphics, etc. all on one page, it may take forever to load for a modem user and obscure the message you are trying to get across. While the page may look really neat to the author, most visitors will move on to another page, if it doesn’t load in 15-30 seconds. Keep It Simple.
  • Graphics: Use graphics to enhance your pages and help tell your story, but remember that the larger the graphic the slower your page will be to load. Try using only a few graphics for each page and keep them as small as possible. (Do not rely on width and height parameters in your html to make the graphic smaller. This does not decrease the file size of your graphic and actually takes longer to load because your user’s browser has to calculate the resizing of the graphic. Instead resize the graphic to exactly what you want with a graphics editor program.)
  • Preferred graphics formats include GIF and JPEG. Other formats may not be supported by all browsers. GIF works best for small objects, line art, and lower resolution images. JPEG is preferred for complex images, such as photographs.

Attracting and Keeping Visitors

  • Register your website with popular search engines
  • E-mail local Scouters and your District about the opening of your website
  • Notify other Scouters that maintain link sites or indices to Scouting websites
  • Put an announcement in your local Scouting newsletter
  • Use word-of-mouth locally too
  • Update your content regularly, stale content will suggest to a visitor that one visit is enough
  • If available from your host, use website statistics to help you decide what pages are being used and which ones are not. This may help you figure out what needs work, what needs to go and what needs to be expanded.
  • As for comments and evaluation
  • Respond to customer needs – don’t argue with suggestions, use them when possible
  • Make your content valuable – offer what customers want